Gum disease occurs when bacterial plaque is not thoroughly removed from your teeth. It is usually detected when one experiences swollen, bleeding gums. Some cases of acute periodontal (gum) disease that do not respond to more conventional treatment and self-care such as flossing may require a special kind of cleaning called scaling and root planing (SRP).
The procedure begins with administration of a local anesthetic to reduce any discomfort. Then a small instrument called a "scaler", or an ultrasonic cleaner, is used to clean beneath your gum line to remove plaque and tartar. The root surfaces on the tooth are then planed and smoothed. If effective, scaling and root planing helps the gums reattach themselves to the tooth structure. Additional measures may be needed if the periodontal pockets persist after scaling and root planing.